Purpose And Meaning Are Very Different Things; Or, Don’t Be A Functional Nihilist

Typically, purpose and meaning are spoken of as if they were synonyms. They’re not; they’re actually quite different (even if it is possible to have purpose and meaning).

I define purpose as directing myself at something in a way that channels all or most of my energy so that said energy is actually directing at that that thing. A typical example would be setting a goal. Once I set a goal, I have a purpose. And what is that purpose? Plainly, to achieve that goal. Hence, it’s as if I point myself at the goal and, accordingly, corral my energies so that they’re helping me to get closer to the goal. If my goal is to climb a 5.14b, then I direct myself at that goal by doing the sorts of things–intense fingerboard training, ARC training, limit bouldering, and so on–that inch me toward the goal.

Similarly, duties, obligations, or responsibilities can give me a sense of purpose. If I have a child to take care of, then I know why I’m getting up this morning: to take care of my child. If I am obliged to attend a meeting, then I have another purpose: to do certain things in my power so that I’m ready and able to attend the meeting.

Purpose, then, could be said to answer the question: “Why am I getting out of bed this morning?” And, as you can see, purpose is very much a matter of action.

Not so for meaning. I define meaning as being in touch with a greater reality. Given this definition, meaning is not something you can do. This is because meaning is what you essentially are. It’s enough to understand one’s true nature in order for one’s life to be meaningful. The wonderful corollary is that when life is meaningful, there is no question about whether life is meaningful because no such question can arise. When there is beauty itself, there is just the presencing and experiencing of beauty itself.

Observe that meaning is a cosmological and theocentric question that could be formulated thusly: “Why is it that I’m here? What is ‘all of this’ really about? In what sense is ‘any of this’ a home?” I cannot answer this question about appealing to the anthropocentric alone.

Hence, it’s possible–and, in our time, likely–that many people have a sense of purpose but do not experience meaning. To be sure, they have a reason to get up in the morning (to finish a project, to take care of a child, and so on), they are functional beings in society, but they do not know why they’re here. This phenomenon could be called functional nihilism–and it’s pervasive!

You can now see why Total Work won’t get you to meaning and therefore why meaningful work is a logical impossibility. The bad news is that you can’t get there from here. The good news is that you don’t, in fact, need to do anything except to find out who you are. Stop searching among a world of objects and come home to yourself. That is all.

The Philosopher Who Says Meaningful Work Is an Illusion

Here’s my interview with Ethical Systems. The beginning:

You say that many people who wish to philosophize with you are “estranged professionals.” What are the sorts of problems they typically face, and how do you tend to address them?

I would put the matter this way. Let’s say that it’s 2017, or sometime after that, since it was around this time that Silicon Valley “discovered” that I philosophize with technologists, founders, and executives. Since that time, a fair number of people with whom I’ve regularly conversed have come to the dawning and, for them, dramatic realization that they’ve done everything “right” and yet they’re, for reasons they know not, unhappy. They’ve worked hard, they’re now successful, they’ve accrued wealth and status, they have a charming family, and yet something in them is mysteriously off. Something remains unsatisfied or, as Hamlet once said, “out of joint.” How could it be that they’ve lived what they were told was the happy life at the same time that they know that something deep and seemingly unfathomable remains unasked and unconsidered? This is beyond puzzling.


My Latest Medium Piece: Find Your Sweetness In The Time Of COVID-19!


The essay begins:

Don’t “find your bliss!” if “finding your bliss” continues, mistakenly to be sure, to lead you to hunt for that chimera, Meaningful Work.

The good news is that you don’t have to worry about finding meaningful work because meaningful work doesn’t exist. The bad new is that you’ve been looking for years or deluding yourself into believing in a phantasm for decades. I say, “Embrace your inner Newhart and — ‘Just stop it! Stop it right now!’”

Instead, find that in your life that is sweeter than work. Since work, however interesting, edifying, or socially beneficial, can never be sweet, ask yourself, “What is it that is sweeter than work?” And let your taste — cultivated and subtle — be your guide.

You’d be wrong to say that forms of consumption like eating a carton of Ben and Jerry’s, binge watching Netflix, masturbating while watching pornography, or puttering about with some hobby are sweet. None of these are. In the end, they’re all sour, even bitter, and, in their candor, they never hide this from us. We just haven’t been taking their word for it.

Sweetness, by contrast, has something of umami: this sweetness is savored without so much as a trace or a hint of anything but savory sweetness. This sweetness lingers and — to mix metaphors here — it also sings. No aftertaste and because no aftertaste no regret or remorse.

This sweetness is peaceful and beautiful at once. Thus, it’s better than all past, present, and future marketing campaigns. Why? Because “You can’t beat it!”

Better still, to taste sweetness, to find what is truly sweet, is a wholesome act of love.

You can read the rest of the essay here.